History Guide

History Guide, Richard the Lionheart
Richard the Lionheart is a "historical crossroad" between the Rhineland and England

As the history of our region is also a bit German and European history, you’ll find here some corresponding dates from England, Ireland and the United States.

At the border of the Roman Empire (100 BC – 476 AD)
Roman Britain (44-407)

Merovingians (481-751) and Carolingians (751-911)
Anglo-Saxon England (597-1066)

Saxon, Salian and Hohenstaufen dynasties (919-1254)
Norman Britain (1066-1154)
Angevin Empire (1154-1214), Alienor of Aquitaine (1124-1204), Richard I the Lionheart (1157-1199)

Late Middle Ages Dynasties (1254-1517)
Hundred Years’ War

Religious Division (1517-1648)
Henry VIII (1509 to 1547), Elizabeth I of England (1558-1603)
English Civil War (1642-1651)

Absolutism/Wars of succession (1665-1789)
Glorious Revolution (1688)
North America: French and Indian War (1754-1763)
American Revolutionary War (1775-1783)

French Revolution and Napoleon (1789-1815)
British-American War (1812-1815)

Prussian Rhine Province and German Empire (1815-1918)
Victorian era (1837-1901)
The Great Famine in Ireland (1845-1850)
Secession War (1861-1865)

Weimar Republic (1918-1933)
Irish War of Independence (1919-1921)

Rhineland, Germany: Nazi Germany and Second World War (1933-1945)
President Franklin D Roosevelt’s New Deal recovery program

Rhineland, Germany: Federal Republic (1949-2000)
Vietnam War (1961-1973)
Martin Luther King and Robert Kennedy assassinated (1968)

The gentleman in the background picture is Carl Schurz, a “Forty-Eighter”. After the failed revolution of 1848/49, he had to flee abroad. In England, he met married his wife Margarethe, they both immigrated to the USA in 1852. Carl Schurz became almost a friend to President Abraham Lincoln, and later Senator of Missouri and Secretary of the Interior in the Cabinet of President Hayes.

References
The picture of Carl Schurz is from the German Wikipedia, public domain section.

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