History Guide

History Guide, Richard the Lionheart
Richard the Lionheart is a "historical crossroad" between the Rhineland and England

As the history of our region is also a bit German and European history, you’ll find here some corresponding dates from England, Ireland and the United States.

At the border of the Roman Empire (100 BC – 476 AD)
Roman Britain (44-407)

Merovingians (481-751) and Carolingians (751-911)
Anglo-Saxon England (597-1066)

Saxon, Salian and Hohenstaufen dynasties (919-1254)
Norman Britain (1066-1154)
Angevin Empire (1154-1214), Alienor of Aquitaine (1124-1204), Richard I the Lionheart (1157-1199)

Late Middle Ages Dynasties (1254-1517)
Hundred Years’ War

Religious Division (1517-1648)
Henry VIII (1509 to 1547), Elizabeth I of England (1558-1603)
English Civil War (1642-1651)

Absolutism/Wars of succession (1665-1789)
Glorious Revolution (1688)
North America: French and Indian War (1754-1763)
American Revolutionary War (1775-1783)

French Revolution and Napoleon (1789-1815)
British-American War (1812-1815)

Prussian Rhine Province and German Empire (1815-1918)
Victorian era (1837-1901)
The Great Famine in Ireland (1845-1850)
Secession War (1861-1865)

Weimar Republic (1918-1933)
Irish War of Independence (1919-1921)

Nazi Germany and Second World War (1933-1945)
President Franklin D Roosevelt’s New Deal recovery program

Federal Republic (1949-2000)
Vietnam War (1961-1973)
Martin Luther King and Robert Kennedy assassinated (1968)

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