German Revolution, Berlin November 1918
Revolution and Rhineland Occupation

German Revolution

Germany, October 1918. The war was lost. By the “October reforms”, Germany became a constitutional monarchy whose Chancellor, Max von Baden, was responsible to the Reichstag. Nonetheless, the military commanders ordered, by their own authority, the navy in Kiel to set sail for a last battle against the British Royal Navy.

Revolution and Rhineland Occupation

Occupation of the Rhineland

November 1918. The war was over, but not for the people here on the Rhine, and not for the occupation soldiers from far away either. The Allied occupation of the Rhine began. That was some 100 years ago.