Roman era in the Siebengebirge. Our region is military area at the border of the Roman Empire, Germania Inferior. Roman quarries Drachenfels. Caesar’s Gallic War had brought Roman legions to the Rhine. After his victory, the Rhine was the border between Roman territory on the left bank and the free Germania on the right.
Our region was a border area. Roman quarries at Drachenfels supplied stones for Bonn, Cologne, Xanten and Nijmegen. After Caesar’s victory, Germania disappeared for a while from the Roman historians’ field of vision. During the next years, the civil war within the Empire caught their attention.
More and more often the Franks and Alamanni raided the Roman provinces, and more and more often the Roman troops came too late. The time of the Soldier Emperors (235-284/85) is considered as a time of crisis. The ongoing, forcibly brought about change on the Imperial throne did not allow the Roman Empire to get some peace.
Late Antiquity. Emperor Constantine had the Rhine border reinforced. About a century later, thousands of barbarians crossed the frozen Rhine. At the end of the third century, a strong ruler ascended to the throne: Diocletian (284-305). In order to better rule the enormous empire, he split in into an eastern and a western half and appointed a co-emperor, and both […]