The finds from Oberkassel and the remains of the Celtic ring wall on the Petersberg remind us of the early history days in the Siebengebirge.
Roman era in the Siebengebirge. Our region was military area at the border of the Roman Empire, Germania Inferior. Roman quarries at Drachenfels supplied stones for Bonn, Cologne, Xanten and Nijmegen. Border region The Siebengebirge were in sight of the Roman legion camps in Bonn, even Cologne.
During the Kingdom of the Franks, under the Merovingians and Carolingians, the first villages in the Siebengebirge came into being. At the beginning of the 5th century, two groups of Franks had emerged: the Salian Franks lived at Tournai, Cambrai and Arras, today’s Belgium and northern France, back then in the area of the Western Roman Empire.
Middle Ages in the Siebengebirge – the castle ruins Drachenfels, Löwenburg and Rosenau, Heisterbach Abbey and the ruins of the medieval church on Petersberg remind us of that era.It is the time of knights, minnesang, medieval castles and the crusades.
Ottonian and Salian dynasty. The Holy Roman Empire comes into being, in our region the archbishopric of Cologne. Rhineland, around 900. Our region was part of the medieval Duchy of Lorraine in the west of the East Francia. While the Capetians continued to reign in West Francia, they had died out in East Francia.
Castles Drachenfels, Löwenburg, Rosenau and Heisterbach Abbey remind us of Hohenstaufen era. We will meet famous men. Frederick Barbarossa, Henry VI, Richard I the Lionheart of England and his nephew Otto IV, and Frederick II.
Also from the late Middle Ages in the Siebengebirge there is much to report and above all to see. Large parts of Cologne Cathedral were built with stones from Mount Drachenfels; the coats of arms of the Siebengebirge towns Bad Honnef and Königswinter date back to the reigns of those times.
Lutherans, Anabaptists and Calvinists, death and destruction in the Truchsess War and Thirty Years’ War mark the early modern period. This era has left deep marks on our region. You may get an idea when you visit the medieval ruins Drachenfels and Löwenburg, both destroyed during the Thirty Years’ war.
The Rhineland around 1530, the time of the Protestant Reformation. Although the Rhineland remained Catholic, there were Lutheran, Anabaptist and Calvinist congregations.
Both rulers in the Rhineland, the Duke of Berg as well as the Prince-Elector of Cologne, were drawn into the European wars of succession. Holy Roman Empire, at the end of the 17th century. After the Thirty Years’ War, large parts of Central Europe lay in ashes.