It was the evening of May 10, 1849 in Bonn. The young Carl Schurz, a student at Bonn University, said good-bye to his family and his home, to join the revolutionary democratic forces in a desperate attempt to save the achievements of the revolution 1848/49.
The Rhineland around 1815. After the victory over Napoleon, the whole of the Rhineland, Westphalia, and some other territories had fallen to Prussia, so also the Seven Mountains now belonged to the State of Prussia under King Frederick William III (in German Friedrich Wilhelm III. (1797-1840).
Germany, 1848. The great social need and pent-up anger against the restoration policy finally erupted in the March revolution. The news from Paris spread quickly, and already in the first days of March uprisings occurred in Germany.
Germany, 1849. The revolution had failed. The National Assembly was forced to dissolve in 1849, Prussian troops under Prince William had crushed the second revolutionary wave in Baden and the Palatinate, many democrats had emigrated.
Germany, 1871. Germany was united, and a deeply-felt wish of many people had been fulfilled. However, 10 million Austrian Germans lived outside the Empire, and now Prussia’s dominance was overwhelming.
Germany around 1900. Above you see an officer with a ‘Pickelhaube’ in front of the imperial residence New Palace in Sanssouci Park, Potsdam. For many people, life was good. The decades between the founding of the Empire and World War I are also referred to as “Belle Epoque”.